April is the official Testicular Cancer, Esophageal Cancer, Head and Neck Cancer Awareness and we believe we need to also continue to spread awareness throughout the entire year.
Testicular cancers are relatively rare but highly curable and occur predominantly in young and middle-aged males. Testicular cancers were among the first types of cancers to be cured by radiation and/or chemotherapy, and treatment has been refined over the last two decades. Currently, over 70% of all patients are curable regardless of the extent of cancer. Thus, all treatment of testicular cancer is delivered with the intent to cure. However, it is important to know the extent of cancer and the specific type of testicular cancer in order to administer the best therapy. Testicular cancer is the most common cancer in men 15 to 35 years old.
Esophageal cancer, which is cancer of the esophagus, is one of the fastest-growing cancer diagnoses in the United States with nearly 18,000 new cases diagnosed annually. It often begins as gastroesophageal reflux disease, also known as GERD, a chronic digestive disease that occurs when stomach acid flows into the food pipe, irritating the lining of the esophagus. Acid reflux and heartburn can set the stage for esophageal cancer by causing tissue damage that can lead to a precancerous condition called Barrett’s esophagus.
Head and neck cancer is a group of cancers that usually begin in the squamous cells that line the mucosal surfaces inside the mouth, nose, throat, and occasionally the salivary glands. These squamous cell cancers are often referred to as squamous cell carcinomas of the head and neck. Head and neck cancers account for nearly 4 percent of all cancers in the United States, the National Cancer Institute reported. Alcohol and tobacco use are major risk factors for head and neck cancers. Infection with cancer-causing types of human papillomavirus (HPV) also increases a person’s risk of certain head and neck cancers.